What you can expect from this guide

Our task was to compile a digital publication that identifies, categorises and shares outstanding and transferrable great practices carried out by festivals and outdoor events from all across Europe to reduce environmental impacts and operate a more sustainable business model. The additional goal the Future Festival Tools team set was to create a format that not only lists measures, but also tells of challenges and solutions in an attractive and accessible way. Something that lets the festivals themselves have their say and that reflects the wide range of the European festival scene.

We far exceeded the planned number and researched over 20 examples covering all key focus areas of our project. From small grassroots events to large major festivals. Events of different styles and from all corners of the continent. The result is something special that goes beyond a best practice compendium. We call it “Green Festival Stories – A collection of inspiring examples from across Europe”.

The selection was made based on a set of different criteria  by the experts from leading organizations in the field of sustainability and festivals united in the project. Suggestions came from the partners, as well as from associated experts and initiatives. The network of YOUROPE  – The European Festival Association, whose members have already chosen sustainability as one of the priorities for their actions at the beginning of the millennium, was very helpful.

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Green Festival Stories Complete Guide

The 6 Key Focus Areas

To give this guide structure, we have chosen to divide it into six focus areas. Five are based on the aspects that cause the most emissions and other harmful environmental impacts at festivals: travel and transport, energy, materials & waste, food & drink, and water. It becomes more and more important to have an overall sustainability strategy that includes all these areas, as transformation is a process that needs to be continually cared for, leading to our sixth and final focus area: strategy.

Click on the images below to get to the case studies of the respective focus area!


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Most outdoor temporary events currently use diesel generators as their main source of energy. However, our dependence on burning fossil fuels to provide electricity is a key cause of climate change due to the emissions of greenhouse gases they cause. Find out how these festivals learned to produce energy without fossil fuels by clicking on the button for each case study.

Shambala Case Study

Øyafestivalen Case Study

Futur 2 Case Study

Lowlands Case Study

Materials and Waste

The circular economy aims to eliminate waste, keep products in use, and regenerate nature by cycling materials. Nature never creates waste; everything is used again and again. What if we could do the same? Our case studies show how festivals can handle resources brought in by suppliers, caterers, partners and audiences in a circular way.

DGTL Case Study

Body & Soul Case Study

Roskilde Festival Case Study

Climax Festival Case Study

Food and Drink

The way we are producing and consuming food is causing irreversible damage to the earth’s ecosystems. Modern agriculture is a significant cause of deforestation, air and water pollution, soil degradation, threats to wildlife, plants, biodiversity, and climate change. According to festival food salvage charity Eighth Plate, every year in the UK alone, 400 tonnes of food is wasted at festivals. Check out how festivals can minimise the environmental impact of the food they offer in our case studies.

Way Out West Case Study

Tollwood Case Study

NorthSide Case Study


Water is essential for life and hence is an important aspect of any event to get right. Due to climate change, there are more disruptive weather patterns, leading to extreme weather events, unpredictable water availability, exacerbating water scarcity and contaminating water supplies. Find out how festivals can reduce water usage and treat grey water.

Boom Festival Case Study

Paradise City Case Study

Travel & Transport

Almost all of our transport comes from burning fossil fuels, a process that is a major contributor to global warming. Travel is the most significant source of emissions for many festivals, including audience, crew, and artist travel as well as transport. Check out our case studies to find out how travel emissions can be reduced.

SNNTG Festival Case Study

OpenAir St. Gallen Case Study

Fire in the Mountain Case Study


Any organisation seeking to reduce their environmental impacts over the long term needs a strategy in place to achieve the changes that will make a difference. Check out our festivals to see how different sustainability strategies can be – and what they have in common.

We Love Green Case Study

Metal Days Case Study

Timber Festival Case Study

Terraforma Case Study

Pohoda Festival Case Study